Burgess’s concentric zone model focuses on urban development by establishing that wealthier neighbourhoods develop towards the outermost ring. This model is flawed in many ways and often fails to consider the influence of gentrification and industrial pollution. In this article, we’ll explore Burgess’s concentric zone model and its relevance to current urban planning. After reading this article, you’ll know whether it is the right model to use in your city planning.
Burgess’s concentric zone model
The Burgess’s concentric zone concept is a theory of urban structure develop by sociologist Ernest W. Burgess in 1925. It suggests that urban areas are divid into 5 zones that correspond to different social groups. These areas are often divid according to their economic status. For example, the lower class lives in an area near the manufacturing district or the CBD. In some cities, the model is implemented, such as in Canberra, Australia.
The theory behind Burgess’s concentric zone concept is widely used today to describe urban development. It was originally based on the city of Chicago and was intend to simplify reality by taking economic benefits into account. This model hele explain the social inequality of wealth in a city, and ultimately helped people make the best use of their land. While the model is still widely used to analyze urban development, it is not applicable to all areas.
Inaccuracies in the concentric zone model
The Concentric Zone Model describes five zones within a city. The first zone is the central business district, followed by a zone of transition. The next zone is the working class residential area, and the last is the commuter zone. The theory was originally developed by Ernest Burgess in 1923. Nonetheless, the concentric zone model has a number of inaccuracies. Inaccuracies in the model can make the model inapplicable in cities outside of the United States.
For example, the concentric zone model makes no sense when it comes to the concentration of hospitals. The fact that the highest population density occurs in the North and South Sides of a city makes this approach outdated. Regardless of the reason, the Concentric Zone Model still has many limitations and is not an accurate representation of reality. As the AP(r) Human Geography exam requires an understanding of the city’s socioeconomic structure, it is necessary to study the Concentric Zone Model.
Impact of industrial pollution concentric zone model
Prior research has suggested that racial inequalities in exposure to industrial pollution are not driven solely by residential segregation. In addition to residential segregation, a number of systemic factors contribute to the high levels of industrial pollution that are prevalent in many neighborhoods. Here, we explore these systemic factors. Our findings suggest that racial inequalities in exposure to industrial pollution are more pronounced in urban areas where residents of a particular race and ethnic group live.
Air pollution is an important threat to global society and is a common problem in many countries. The main components of haze pollution are fine particles and inhalable particulate matter. These are highly harmful to human health and inhibit the development of a healthy, green economy in many cities. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), seven million people die each year from air pollution, and two million of these deaths occur in China.
Relevance of the concentric zone model in current planning
The concept of a city is not new, but the modern city is different than it was in the past. Geographers have deconstructed maps of modern cities into simple planning models to help with land use studies. As cities grew larger, technology, transportation, and postmodern cultures influenced urban form and land use. In this article, we compare the Concentric Zone model with the Multi Nuclei model. In our example, we have an established residential zone. Its residents live in houses that are relatively spacious and pollution-free. The residential areas have proper transport, communication, and parking facilities. These features reflect the class nature of the residential area.
Another important concept of the concentric zone model is population density. Zones outside the city center tend to be smaller than the inner zones. This is because the population of these zones is mostly low-skilled or working-class households. The second ring tends to be a transition zone between the first and third rings. In this zone, many people live and work in an industrial park, while a higher-end residential zone is a more desirable area for middle-class and upper-class families.