What is the Burgess Model or burgess concentric zone model? What are the various zones of the Concentric Zon?Aare some of its limitations and criticisms? Let’s explore these questions in detail! Next, let’s consider some of the most common criticisms of the Concentric zone model. What does it mean to live in a city with a densely packed CBD? How does the urbanization process affect the surrounding area?
What is Burgess Model or Concentric Zone Model?
The Concentric Zone Model is a theory that attempts to explain how and why cities form in a ring-like fashion, with different social groups living in different regions. It was developed between 1925 and 1929 by the eminent urban planner Ernest W. Burgess. This theory explains the growth of urban areas by taking into account the relationship between economic status and distance from the center.
While the Burgess model is widely recognized in the United States, it is no longer applicable to other countries, due to technological advances that have changed the way people commute and the types of homes they choose. Moreover, the Burgess Model does not account for political forces or government improvements, which could result in the opposite effect. Despite the shortcomings of the Burgess Model, it remains a useful concept when analyzing concentric urban growth.
The Concentric Zone Model defines five or six zones within a city. The first zone is the central business district, followed by a transition zone, a working-class residential district, and an upper-class residential area. The last zone is known as the Commuter Zone, and it has a very high-density, commuter-style population. While all of these areas may contain low-income neighborhoods, the lower-income residents tend to live in the middle of the city.
What are the different zones in the Concentric Zon
This hypothesis explains the development of cities in concentric circles. It also helps understand the development of urban areas during the early-mid 20th century. Despite its limitations, the Burgess model remains useful as an explanation of urban growth. Despite its limitations, it offers a useful model for explaining urban land use and its distribution in various cities. Let’s examine how this model works in different places.
The outermost concentric zone is outside the area where higher class citizens live. This zone comprises of a ring of small towns and cities. These neighborhoods are primarily occupied by middle class residents and offer a low-density environment. This zone is also a commuter zone where people commute to work. They are characterized by low density and are often found in suburban and satellite towns.
The Burgess Concentric Zone Model has five or six zones. The oldest zone in a city represents the center. The next zone is known as the transition zone and is composed of blue-collar and middle-class residences. Finally, there is the commuter zone. In this zone, people are typically employed or are in school. In addition, people also live in the urban areas, if they can get there easily.
Limitations and Criticisms of Concentric zone mode
The Concentric Zone Model, also known as the Burgess Model, is a well-established theory of urban development. Its principal characteristic is the concept of a “bullseye,” with higher-density development in the center. The theory also makes use of the Hoyt Model, which adds sectors of similar land uses around the center. However, there are limitations to this theory.
Although the model is widely acclaimed in the US, its applicability is limited outside of North America. It also fails to account for factors like political forces and government restrictions. The model has a limited geographic scope, as it was developed for US cities. As a result, it is largely incongruous with contemporary urban trends. And because cities grow and change over time, people’s preferences are likely to change as well.
The Concentric Zone Model can be misleading in predicting the future of urban development. It assumes that there is a positive relationship between household wealth and distance from the city center. In a city, wealthier households are generally farther away from the center than less affluent ones. Consequently, the central area becomes less desirable for development, and the affluent segments of society move outward and away from it.